Beijing National Stadium (China)
This stadium is also known as “Bird’s Nest” and it was designed by Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron. It cost 500 million dollars, it has a surface of 250000 square meters and a capacity for 100,000 spectators. Its structure is made out of interwoven steel mesh and it weighs about 42000 tons. It also has a roof with the ability to gather immense amounts of rain water. This modern complex was home to the inauguration and closing of the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, event for which it was built. It is currently used for cultural and sports events in Beijing.
The stadium is built in such a way that it looks as if it was a bird’s nest, which explains its nickname. The central part of the stadium has a concrete frame. The roof is covered by a double layer of membrane, in which a fixed transparent membrane is in the top part of the roof and the other translucent membrane is fixed in its lower part, it also has an acoustic rooftop that merges with the side walls of the inner ring. The majestic work will remain as a success of modern architecture and a great Olympic legacy.
The main body of this structure has a design that would have about a hundred years of useful life. It is 333 meters from north to south, 294 meters wide from east to west and 69 meters tall. The structure is capable of resisting high temperatures -such as a fire- on the inside and it can withstand atmospheric and surface phenomena such as earthquakes, with a capacity of resisting eight earthquakes of great magnitude.
This sports infrastructure is the most important one within the buildings in Beijing, and it’s an important convergence point between ecology, science and technology.
2. Allianz Arena (Germany)
This complex is known worldwide by its modern style, but more than anything, for being the home to the most famous team in Germany which is the FC Bayern. It features 2760 diamond-shaped inflated Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene panels which cover an area of 66500 square meters and they lit up red at night. It has the capacity to host 71000 fans.
It was inaugurated in 2005 and it’s an amazing creation of the Swiss firm Herzog & de Meuron. It also features a shop, the FC Bayern Megastore, which offers merchandise dedicated to this soccer team. Another reason to make your visit worthwhile is its museum, FC Bayern Erlebniswelt, inaugurated in 2012, which shows the history of the Bayern Munich in an interactive way since its beginnings in 1900.
The name Allianz Arena became known worldwide since the UEFA Champions League in 2012, since virtually every soccer fan watched what happened in this magnificent stadium, one of the best in the world.
The Allianz Arena is home to two teams, the FC Bayern and the TSV 1860 Munich. It was built in only three years. It was conceived after a referendum in October 2001, when about 65% of citizens voted in favor of building a new stadium instead of restoring the Olympiastadion, home of the Summer Olympics of 1972 and previous home of Bayern and 1860 Munich.
It is popularly known as Schlauchboot (inflatable boat) and it has a transparent roof made out of panels that can change color depending on who’s playing. Red for the Bayern, blue for the 1860 Munich and white for Germany.
The stadium opened its doors to professional soccer in August of 2005, with its 66000 chairs full.
Some of them are located in extra bleachers that are placed in the games of local teams to house more than 10,400 seats in the stands of the north and south funds. Here the opening match of the FIFA World Cup 2006, which Germany won 4-2 against Costa Rica was played. Five other games of that tournament were played at the stadium, including the semi-final which France won 1-0 to Portugal.
It has 106 VIP box seats, 400 seats for journalists, 2,200 “business” seats and 11,000 parking spaces. In addition players have heating rooms, an infirmary and four dressing rooms, one for the Bayern Munich, one for the 1860 and two for their rivals.
Camp Nou (Spain)
This is Europe’s largest stadium and it can seat 99354 fans. It was inaugurated in 1957 and since then it has been remodeled twice. The place has a museum of the Barcelona football club, the most visited one in Catalunya, another Stadium for 20000 people where the inferior divisions of the club play, as well as basketball, hockey and handball fields.
Barcelona will have a brand new Camp Nou, where the teams will be able to display their best talent.
The Japanese Studio Nikken Sekkei was chosen to remodel the home of the Barcelona team with a budget of a little less than 400 million euros.
According to the jury, led by the president of the Barcelona Club, Josep María Bartomeu, the Japanese Studio won by having an open, elegant, serene, timeless, Mediterranean and democratic proposal.
The new stadium will have the capacity to host a 105 thousand fans, six thousand more than the old Camp Nou, and it will be finished by February 2021. The construction work will begin in May 2017.