Museum of Tomorrow
This museum, located in Rio de Janeiro , Brazil, is a great example of how to recover urban spaces through art and culture. It was inaugurated on December 19, 2015, and is part of the Porto Maravilha project , which seeks to improve the historic center of this city. In total, it has 15,000 square meters, including overhangs 75 meters long on the square and 45 other meters above the sea in the Bay of Guanabara. It also uses 40 % less energy because it has movable wings equipped with 6,200 solar panels and an air conditioning system with water from the bay , making this building a world point of reference for avant-garde architecture .
This space is specially dedicated to creating awareness about the changes that the planet will have in the future through exhibitions about problems such as population growth and climate change. It also has interactive games and audiovisual rooms that allow the viewer to have a complete and more dynamic experience. It has bike paths, public areas and reflecting pools that give people the opportunity to appropriate the spaces of the city.
Its architect, the Spanish Santiago Calatrava, was inspired by the Bromeliads, a type of flowers with thick leaves and reddish tones . His intention is to see this architectural work as something light that evoked the image of a bird or plant. Santiago Calatrava is recognized by the Principe de Asturias award in 1992 and the National Architecture Award 2005, among others.
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Museum Guggenheim de Bilbao
Although it was built from October 1993 until opening in 1997, it remains as a global architectural reference. It´s recognized for being composed of a variety of curved walls, and interaction with the context.
The exterior is comprised of 33,000 thin layers of titanium surrounding the site so that the construction looks like a ship. This aims as a tribute to Bilbao, the port area where the museum is. These sheets are carefully designed to interact with light and create reflections of different colors. It also contains materials such as limestone and glass that help the visual impact.
The interior of the place has a main atrium that likes the exterior, has curves and it is connected with the exterior walls . It also has a counseling room, an auditorium with capacity for 300 people, two restaurants, a cafe and a bookshop.
Its architect, Frank Gehry, wanted to build something that had a relationship with the environment, so the museum has a bridge leading to the city that creates a connection to the water and the people who visit. Frank Gehry has won awards such as the Pritzker in 1989 and the Japanese Imperial Prize in 1992.
Located in Mexico City, this museum is presented as an opportunity to show a building that differs from the other ones that are around. It has a triangular floor and a ceiling specially designed to take advantage of the light. The main goal is to dedicate the space to contemporary art and is expected to receive 300,000 visitors a year.
The building stands out in architectural work of Latin America because of the unique form of the roof. Made of several successive triangles each with windows , it´s given maximum use of sunlight that reaches the third and final gallery floor which allows appreciating much better the artworks. Both artificial lighting and natural can be modified as desired by curators.
Looking that the museum also integrates with people who visit, the building is on a raised platform supported by fourteen columns that allow the part down to be a public square.
This building was designed by British architect David Chipperfield who is recognized for his minimalism. He has principal offices in London, Berlin, and Milan. For this museum, he used materials such as concrete and travertine marble white that gives solidity to the building.
Museum Zentrum Paul Klee
This building is known for the three hills of steel and glass that integrate with nature around. It was opened in 2005 with the objective of paying homage to Swiss artist Paul Klee.
All their corrugations are of different sizes and with a specific objective. The first one has the entrance hall, a workshop for children and an auditorium with a capacity of 400 attendees . The second one has a permanent collection of Paul Klee and the third one is the center of administration and research.
The architect of the museum is the Italian Renzo Piano, who has won the Pritzker prize. For this construction, he only used gray steel, glass, and oak interior floors .
Museum Kunsthaus Graz
This architectural work located in Graz, Australia is renowned for its low environmental impact because its structure is formed by 1,288 acrylic solar panels that produce the energy that needs.
The size is 27,000 m2 and is dedicated to different forms of audiovisual communication, such as photography, film, and design. The strange shape that resembles as a blue bubble has given it the nickname ” the friendly alien” .
Peter Cook and Colin Fournier are the architects who design this space. Both wanted, through this project, to create a contrast between the old environment and the modern structure of the museum.