7 Ancient architectural wonders you should visit

Meroe

This forgotten wonder of the world is an ancient city on the banks of the Nile in Sudan. It was the capital of the kingdom of Kush, mentioned in the Bible. This ancient civilization exported iron and its trade ties even reached places like India and China.

Pyramids rise in tighter and smaller than the Egyptian pyramids angles. Archeologists have found about thirty-five and they all were built as funerary monuments. Their dimensions range from twenty feet to thirty inches wide. The construction technique also differed from the Egyptian pyramids: there was used a mortar composed of baked bricks to stick the stones.

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Image courtesy of Carsten ten Brink at Flickr.com

Great Mosque of Djenne

This is the largest mud structure ever built in the world. It is located in Mali and it was erected in 1907. It is made of sand and clay mixed with plaster and mortar bricks. One of the wonders of Sahel, this great mosque is considered Historical Heritage by UNESCO.

What is most amazing is the apparent simplicity of its structure, compared to the majesty of its walls and ornaments. The construction technique is quite old and was developed by the sub-Saharan desert tribes of Mali. Although it requires constant maintenance (just like any other), it is actually a very stable construction.

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Image courtesy of Carsten ten Brink at Flickr.com

Church of Saint George

This is a monolithic church: a carved building in a single piece of rock. It is located in Lalibela, in Ethiopia, where you can find more constructions like this one. The red rock on which is carved is a type of mineral called tufa, and was carved between the twelfth and thirteenth century AD. The dimensions are twenty-five by twenty-five meters and thirty meters high, which means a tremendous job of digging, carving and polishing.

It is one of the oldest churches in the world and belongs to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

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Image courtesy of oarranzli at Flickr.com

Derawar Fort

This Pakistani military structure is considered one of the forgotten wonders of Central Asia. Its huge dimensions are storming, and of course, would intimidate an enemy invasion. This structure consists of forty bastions made of baked bricks and forms a perfect square of 1500 square meters of perimeter. Its walls are thirty meters high and serve as an excellent surveillance point to the desert around it.

Recommended: The Most Amazing Buildings That Were Never Built, by Kenny Slaught

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Image courtesy of Khalid Mir at Flickr.com

Meteora

The name of this Greek architectural marvel means “suspended in the sky” (remember that the word meteorology derives from this Greek term.) Meteora is a group of six Greek Orthodox monasteries, located in high natural towers of sandstone, six hundred meters over the floor. It is not known when they were built. The structures are located in northern Greece, in the plain of Thessaly in Kalambaka, near in the valley of the Pinios river.

Because they are a militarily strategic location, the Greek soldiers took refuge there during World War II, and the Germans caused serious damage in some of the monasteries.

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Image courtesy of Przemek Więch at Flickr.com

Chand Baori

Chand Baori is a popular stepped water tank located in the village of Abhaneri, near Jaipur in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Located opposite to the Harshat Mata temple, perhaps in the year eight hundred d. C. by the king of the Chahamana Chand Dynasty. It is considered one of the largest and deepest structures of India. It has fifteen-hundred steps in thirteen levels and it reaches a depth of twenty meters.

This baori is carved in the form of an inverted pyramid from a large square: thirty meters on each side. This large area allowed people to pick up water directly in the Mozons period.

Its deep twenty meters hopper consists of a triple set of stairs on each side and is closed to the north by rooms whose arcades open to the south.

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Image courtesy of Ramón at Flickr.com

Tikal

Tikal is one of the largest archaeological sites and urban centers of the Mayan civilization prior to the arrival of the Spaniards. It is located in northern Guatemala, in the Peten jungle. Tikal was the capital of a belligerent state, which became one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient Maya. Although the monumental architecture of the site dates back to the fourth century. BC, Tikal reached its apogee during the Classic Period, between the year two-hundred and nine-hundred d. C.

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Image courtesy of JD Lasica at Flickr.com

Tikal has thousands of ancient architectural structures, of which only a fraction has been excavated after decades of archaeological work. Among the most prominent buildings, there are six large pyramids made of limestone. Each one supports the structure of a temple at the top. Some of these pyramids are sixty meters high.

Recommended: 10 Architectural Wonders Of The Ancient World You Must See Before You Die

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