When a human being feels love or devotion for something and turns it into art, the result is something always magnificent and historical. Religious buildings, whether it is Buddhism, Catholicism or Islam, are something to behold. Because all these religions look for the place to be a space of communication with a god, these structures end up being something that effectively gives the feeling of greatness that surpasses the human.
These buildings are characterized by their wide spaces, the attention to details and the constancy in time. The shapes and colors are all different in each site, and this also makes them valuable. Although there are many around the world, here are three of them:
St. Basil’s Cathedral, Russia
It is located in the Red Square in Moscow and is recognized worldwide for its domes with a shape of a drop with a multitude of colors. It is also representative the characteristic orange color of its exterior walls and its arches in both advantages and doors. This Cathedral was declared Patrimony of the Humanity by UNESCO the 12 of July of 1561.
Its construction was ordered by Tsar Ivan the Terrible who had promised to do it if he conquered the Kanato of Kazán. This began in 1555 and took five years to be completed. Then it was inaugurated on October 1 under the name of the Mantle’s Cathedral, however, it’s best known for St. Basil’s because there is a part of the structure on the tomb of this saint.
Another curiosity about this cathedral is that it’s full of legends. Some say that the domes come from a mosque that the Czar had destroyed in Kazan. According to what people say, he did this because he was angry because of the resistances that found in that place. There is also another legend in which they say that the Czar ordered to blind the eyes of the architect of the cathedral so that he could not build something like that again. The name of this builder, Postnik Yakovlev, also creates doubts because it isn’t known for sure if Postnick, who translates “fasting” was his nickname or his real name.
Temple of the Sagrada Familia, Spain
Antonio Gaudí is the architect responsible for this great work which is still under construction. Gaudí made several constructions throughout Spain, but this one is believed that it is his summit work, although he never saw it finished. Gaudí died in 1926 and since then, the directions have been taken by people like Domènec Sugrañes, then Francesc de Paula Quintana i Vidal, Isidre Puig-Boada, Lluís Bonet i Garí, Francesc de Paula Cardoner i Blanch, Jordi Bonet i Armengol ( This one came since 2002 and is the current director).
The idea of the creation of this cathedral begins from 1874, when the Spiritual Association of Devotees of San José started to promote the creation of an atoning temple dedicated to the Holy Family. It was not until March 1882 that the first stone was laid. This is a great event that went down in history, also because it was presided over by the bishop of that time, Josep Urquinaona.
The construction began with Franciso de Paula del Villar and Lozano, but quickly passed into the hands of Antoni Gaudí. From that day on, his building hasn’t stop.
At present, it’s estimated that 70% of the works have been made and that the architectural part will be completed in the year 2026. From 2015 you can see the upper stained glass windows. Then, in 2016, the parts that were advanced were the sacristy of the west, which is already blessed and it’s open to the public; the upper portico of the facade of the Passion, the stained-glass windows of the apse of the same side and the interior of the Basilica. By 2020, the six central towers are expected to be completed.
The blue Mosque, Turkey
This architectural wonder is located in Istanbul, Turkey. Both its interior and exterior are worth watching. Its name is because it has more than 20,000 tiles, brought from Isnik, which adorn it in the dome and at the top of the mosque.
It was built by the architect Sedefkar Mehmet Ağa, under the command of Sultan Ahmet I in 1609 and finished in 1916. However, it was only opened until the following year during the mandate of Mustafa I.
Other details that make this mosque a work of art is the special care taken with its lighting. The place has more than 200 stained glass windows and inside it has chandeliers that were previously covered with gold. The reason why the lamps are at a low level is because in other times they were lit with candles and it was necessary that the personnel could reach them.
In terms of measurements, the central dome is 23 meters in diameter and 43 meters high. Also, those columns that surround it are called minarets and are six in total, each with 64 meters of height.